Find out how allergies affect your health by knowing the types that exist and how they are diagnosed.
Allergy is nothing more than a response that the body’s immune system has when it comes into contact with substances called allergens. This allergy is more visible during the spring months since, at this time of the year, pollens are present, one of the most frequent allergens in the allergy field. Other agents that lead to allergies are insect bites and some drugs and foods.
What are the symptoms of allergies?
Initially, allergies do not cause major health complications, although they can be aggravated, leading to serious health problems such as asthma. Allergic reactions can be mild or severe, and in most cases, the person has a certain stinging of the eyes together with a small tearing of them along with a rather clear sneezing excess. In the case of the most serious allergies, they can be seriously life-threatening for the person suffering. They can give rise to some difficulty in breathing or a quite dangerous drop in blood pressure. In such a case, it is essential to go quickly to a specialist doctor so that he can treat such a pathological allergy as quickly as possible.
Types of allergy
Allergies are classified according to the cause that causes them, the most affected area of the body, and many other factors that may also be involved. In this way, food allergies are the body’s responses to the intake of certain foods such as seafood, nuts, or milk.
Another fairly common type of allergy is related to pollen that can be found in grasses or olive trees. Allergic rhinitis is another fairly common class of allergies and is caused by different particles carried by air. Rhinitis produces, among other things, excessive sneezing and some nasal congestion.
How to diagnose an allergy
The first thing to do when treating a certain allergy is to identify the allergen that causes it. This allergen can consist of pollen, a cat’s hair, or a particular type of drug. The blood sample can help certify if the person has an allergy or another type of condition. The skin test is the fastest and most effective in identifying possible allergens responsible for the allergic process. Once the allergy that is suffered has been diagnosed, it is time to start a treatment to reduce the allergy symptoms.
One way to treat any allergy is through the intake of antihistamines. It is advisable to take them in a normal way in the allergy season and reduce the possible symptoms of it. The problem with antihistamines is that they usually cause different side effects such as sneezing, itchy eyes, or itchy skin.
Another quite effective way to alleviate allergy symptoms is through a series of vaccines indicated for it. Most people who get vaccinated experienced a fairly significant improvement in allergy within months. These types of vaccines are indicated for those people who do not obtain any improvement with medications and treat allergies caused by insect bites, pollen, or dust mites. In any case, it is advisable to go to the doctor before starting treatment on your own.